For most industrial temperature measurements, the sensing element is never directly exposed to the process. The electronic element such as a thermocouple (TC), resistance temperature detector (RTD) or thermistor is encased inside a metallic enclosure, typically a section of stainless steel tubing closed at one end.
Process heating valves are automated with a number of technologies used to drive the movement of the valve — electric, pneumatic and hydraulic actuation, for instance. These operators normally have both automated and manual modes of operation.
High temperature process heat is a fundamental tool in Industrial America’s toolbox. While some operations are accomplished in a static air environment, many high temperature operations — heat treating and stress relieving, for instance — require convection to achieve the necessary results.
Compact welded heat exchangers can perform the same duty as larger shell-and-tube units in a smaller footprint. In refinery applications where space is limited, compact welded heat exchangers provide advantages.
Refineries are constantly pushing to improve their processes in order to improve profitability. Because refining is such an energy-intensive process and many refineries are using outdated technology, there is room for improvement.
If you have a rotary biomass dryer, chances are you have dealt with the three most common problems in biomass rotary dryer systems: rocks, fires and explosions, and nonuniform moisture content in final product. Get advice on dealing with all three.
The global industrial sector has never placed greater demands on manufacturers. Companies in a range of industries must optimize performance and minimize waste while holding the line on emissions, regardless of the regulatory requirements in their state, region or country.