Nanotechnology has been and remains a basic science problem of identifying new and useful nanoscale properties. However, during the last two decades, some basic concepts and research has been developed into industrial and other commercial applications. Examples of industrial uses for nanotechnology from the U.S. Department of Energy are:
- Conductors for heat dissipation in electronics, or heat capture and conversion for energy-efficiency improvement.
- Coatings and binders for improving the strength- and wear-resistance in engine parts or breaks in automotive applications.
- Conductors (liquids and solids) and insulators for low weight, high energy-density batteries or hydrogen fuel cell applications.
- Selective, adaptive bonding materials for use in packaging.
- Inks and display technology for electronics.
- High strength, low weight structural materials for wind power components.