Beginning in October, more than 4 million American businesses, including 170,000 manufacturers, will receive 2012 Economic Census forms. The Economic Census is the U.S. Government's official five-year measure of American business and the economy. It is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, and response is required by law and must be returned by February 12, 2013.

Economic policy makers in federal, state and local governments use Economic Census statistics to project trends, plan for development and assess the impact of changes in the economy. For a sample of the type of data collected, see the industry hot report on Industrial process furnace and oven manufacturing at Or, for information about a specific process industry such as food manufacturing, visit