When people think of salt, the first thought that comes to mind generally is not thermal storage or materials processing. Many associate the term “salt” with simple table salt, or NaCl — just something you sprinkle over your food to bring out a little more flavor. Yet unbeknownst to most, salts not only can make your French fries taste better, but they also can serve as safe, stable — and hot — heat transfer fluids for energy generation, energy storage and chemical processing applications.
Molten salts are simply salts in the liquid state. The most common types of salts used in industry usually are: