As Process Heating wraps up another year of serving industrial processors who use low temperature industrial heating equipment and supplies, its editorial staff offers readers this handy reference guide to the feature articles published in 2015.

Industrial Boilers and Steam Heating

Equipment Overview: Industrial Boilers

Used for generating steam for power, process heating or space heating, or to produce hot water to heat products or a hot water supply, an industrial boiler delivers steam or hot fluid to the end use point at the desired pressure and temperature. April 2015, page 26

Improve Your Combustion Equipment Performance

Stop burning profits with an oven or furnace retrofit. If your company’s efficiency is not best-in-class, retrofitting will almost always provide significant risk minimization and a robust return on investment. Russ Chapman, Firebridge Inc. August 2015, page 19

10 Tips for Preparing a Temporary Steam Plant

If your plant relies on an industrial steam plant as an essential part of your process, there is a good chance you will someday need a temporary steam plant. Expect the worst and prepare a contingency plan. Michael Medina, Nationwide Boiler. September 2015, page 15

On-Demand Steam Boilers Improve Food and Brewing Processes

Two processors take advantage of quick-to-temperature boiler systems to reap operational and environmental advantages. November 2015, page 32

Industrial Combustion and Burners

How to Maximize Burner Efficiency

Because natural gas energy costs are a major cost factor for many industrial processes, it makes sense to carefully analyze how the natural gas is being used and whether the system is running at peak efficiency. Mark Lampe, Honeywell Environmental and Combustion Controls Division, Maxon brand. February 2015, page 36

Combustion Solutions for Meeting Ultra-Low NOX Emissions

A variety of options can help processors meet increasingly stringent regulations for NOX emissions. The two most proven are surface-stabilized, 100 percent premix and high IFGR with staged combustion burners. Bob Rizza, Power Flame Inc. May 2015, page 26

Modular Ultra-Low-NOX Emission Burners for Drying Applications

The design of a modular ultra-low-NOX burner allows users to tailor it to suit the drying process applications it needs to serve. Jessica Irons, Eclipse, a company of Elster Thermal Solutions/ May 2015, page 20

Equipment Overview: Industrial Burners

An apples-to-apples comparison of the capabilities of a range of burner manufacturers, our Equipment Overview on Burners will help you narrow the field of potential suppliers to those that can satisfy your process needs.  August 2015, page 38

Industrial Cooling

How to Size Chillers for Condensing Applications

Selecting proper cooling capacity for chillers used condensing applications helps ensure high performance and process reliability. Mark Diener, Julabo. September 2015, page 30

Industrial Dryers

How to Prevent Dryer System Fires and Explosions

Three central causes create the conditions that allow fires and explosions to occur in dryer systems: high oxygen content, dirty ductwork and poor operations. Knowing what causes fires and explosions is the first step in prevention. Becky Long, Thompson Dehydrating Co. February 2015, page 16

Act Now to Prevent Dryer System Fires and Explosions

In Part One of this series, we discussed why uncontrolled, unplanned fires and explosions are undesirable and described the primary conditions that can lead to fires and explosions in direct-fired rotary dryer systems. This month, we take an in-depth look at how to minimize the risk of fires and explosions in dryer systems. Becky Long, Thompson Dehydrating Co. April 2015, page 14

Dryers Ensure Proper Filter Manufacturing

The manufacturing of filters for reverse osmosis requires carefully designed drying systems. Bob Narang, Radiant Energy Systems Inc. and Rick Luedtke, Radiant Energy Systems Inc. April 2015, page 31

Drying Process Effects on Rayon Fibers

Process air temperature and retention time are two parameters that rayon producers can adjust to produce the highest quality fibers at the highest production rates. Tests show how adjusting the parameters affects fiber color strength and oil pickup. Shannon Stanforth, Buhler Aeroglide. June 2015, page 14

Using Rotary and Fluid Bed Dryers for Drying Frac Sand

Frac sand plays the essential role of preventing fractures in oil and gas wells from closing prematurely, Rotary and fluid bed dryers are used to thermally treat the frac sand to remove impurities before it is injection in the fissures. David Phillips, Heyl & Patterson Inc. June 2015, page 19

Equipment Overview: Dryers

Like the flights in a rotary dryer lift the material to be dried, our Equipment Overview on Dryers guides you through your selection options. June 2015, page 24

Avoid 4 Common Mistakes When Specifying Dryers

Industrial dryers do an effective job of evaporating moisture and bringing product to specific moisture-content levels. To ensure your industrial dryer is sized to deliver the moisture-content level you need, avoid these four common mistakes made when specifying an industrial dryer. Craig Anderson, Almo Process Technology, Tom Schroeder, and Jarrett Bowling, Almo Process. September 2015, page 26

Drying Frac Sand with Rotary Dryers

Because frac sand must have less than one percent moisture, drying is an essential step in processing the material. Rotary dryers deliver. Savannah Ardmire, Vulcan Systems. October 2015, page 28

Improved Drying of Agglomerated Materials

Carefully selecting the drying technology and drying process conditions when thermally processing agglomerated products can result in improved product quality or performance of the downstream processes. November 2015, page 14

Improving Dryer Moisture Control

Are you overdrying your product simply to ensure that it is dry enough? An in-dryer moisture-content sensing and control system may offer a way to control your dryer based on the feed’s moisture content without dead time in control response. November 2015, page 25

Industrial Heat Transfer Fluids and Thermal Fluid Heaters

Equipment Overview: Heat Transfer Fluids

In Process Heating’s annual Equipment Overview on Heat Transfer Fluids, we have compiled the data you may need to choose a fluid that can operate effectively in elevated temperatures. Characteristics such as density, film coefficient, viscosity, pour point and thermal conductivity are listed. January 2015, page 16

Preparing for a Thermal Fluid Heater

Failure to adequately plan for the arrival of a new heater can cause major frustrations and unnecessary costs. Here are some common issues related to scheduling and preparation for installation of a new heater. Ron Henry, Heatec Inc. May 2015, page 14

6 Takeaways for Heat Transfer Fluids

Giving careful consideration to heat transfer fluids provides optimal system performance. Gain insight into common problems with industrial thermal fluid heating and get takeaways you can put into action in your plant. Conrad E. Gamble, P.E., Therminol by Eastman. June 2015, page 28

Testing PG- and DPO-Based Heat Transfer Fluids

Testing evaluates and compares the performance of propylene glycol (PG) and 1,3 propanediol (PDO) when used as a heat transfer fluid. Lirys Crawford, DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products. June 2015, page 33

How to Start Up and Shut Down Heat Transfer Systems

Follow these guidelines to ensure a smooth startup and shutdown of your heat transfer system. Alison Davis and Jed Seybold, Radco Industries Inc. October 2015, page 36

Industrial Heating

5 Essential Rules for Effective Heat Transfer Design

Electric heaters can deliver heat just where you need it and, when teamed with proper thermocouple placement, keep your process in control and at a steady state. But, poor heating system design or sensor placement will result in less than ideal results, increased scrap and premature heater failures. Jeff Wheeler and Ken Sunden, Nexthermal. April 2015, page 20

Equipment Overview: Convection and Conduction Heaters

Whether you need hot air, water or other media to indirectly heat your process and product, or you need a contact heater to drive the temperature up just where you need it, convection and conduction heaters are the tools for the job. Find prospective suppliers using our Equipment Overview. May 2015, page 36

How to Achieve Longer Heater Life

Proper selection of the heating element for a given industrial application ensures longevity of the electric heater. Eric Zulkiewicz, Industrial Heater Corp. August 2015, page 25

Equipment Overview: Infrared Heaters

An apples-to-apples comparison of the capabilities of infrared heater manufacturers, our Equipment Overview will help you narrow the field of potential suppliers. Find gas-fired and electrically heated infrared emitters for any process need. September 2015, page 34

Convection or Infrared?

Follow the process of selecting the heating method for a process or product. Like many other products that must be process heated, an electric motor stator has areas of high mass and materials of construction that are sensitive to overheating. What is the best way to heat such a part without creating defects? Peter Caine, HeatTek Inc. October 2015, page 32

Using Electric Immersion Heaters in Process Heating

Many factors make electric immersion heaters a smart choice for modern process heating applications. Ilan Toledano, Wattco. October 2015, page 24

Industrial Heat Exchangers

Compact Heat Exchangers

Suitable for a range of applications, plate heat exchangers provide benefits such as energy savings and lower installation costs. Klas Abrahamsson, Alfa Laval. March 2015, page 15

The Use of Duplex Stainless Steel Tubing in Heat Exchanger Service

When selecting a tube material for a heat exchanger, many different options are available depending upon the application, design and operating conditions. Yong J. Kim, Webco Industries Inc. March 2015, page 32

Comparing TEMA Type BEM vs. BEU Heat Exchangers

Examining the pros and cons of each of these TEMA type heat exchangers can help you find the one that’s right for your process. Allan Fox, Perry Products. April 2015, page 28

Comparing Leak Detection Methods for Power Generation Condensers

Condensers are used in power plants to recycle exhaust steam for thermoelectric heating, but they also are relied on to maximize turbine efficiency by maintaining a proper vacuum. Effective leak detection is needed to ensure that vacuum leaks do not occur. Benjamin Fried, CTRL Systems Inc. August 2015, page 30

Preheating Outside Air with Steam Coils

Use these 10 design and installation tips to ensure long industrial steam coil life and performance. Jeremy Olberding and Dave Smith, Colmac Coil Manufacturing Inc. September 2015, page 18

Equipment Overview: Heat Exchangers

When selecting the type of heat exchanger to use, construction materials, heat transfer medium, flow arrangement and heat transfer method are all factors to consider. Our Equipment Overview on Heat Exchangers helps you find potential suppliers that can provide just what you need. October 2015, page 12

Advantages of Hairpin-Style Heat Exchangers

Hairpin heat exchangers are suited for applications that require high thermal performance and a compact footprint. November 2015, page 36

Industrial Ovens

Hybrid Drying Systems Provide Process Solutions

Complex processes require well-engineered systems to create the optimal scenario for the end user. Infrared and convection systems both have their strong points, and when combined, they create a winning arrangement. Justin Sierpinski, Casso-Solar Technologies LLC. January 2015, page 22

Advanced Thermal Process Controls Provide Benefits

Process controls that recognize and respond to part temperature rather than oven chamber temperature can improve overall product quality and reduce process time. Frank Geracie, Wisconsin Oven. February 2015, page 22

Equipment Overview: Ovens

Whether you want a booster oven or a completely new thermal processing system, use Process Heating’s annual Equipment Overview on Ovens to find suppliers and save time specifying your oven. March 2015, page 20

Industrial Oven Buying Tips
Finding a qualified manufacturer relies on more than oven price. Selecting the vendor as carefully as you select your heating equipment will help ensure a system that will deliver for the long term. Byron Stokes, Hix Ovens. April 2015, page 28

Industrial Oxidizers and Pollution Control Equipment

Finding an Oxidizer for Your Process Plant

Selecting an oxidation system for a specific process stream requires an in-depth analysis of the operating parameters.  February 2015, page 31

Selecting the Correct Combustion System for Your Thermal Oxidizer

At the heart of any oxidizer is the burner used to destroy harmful emissions such as hazardous air pollutants and volatile organic compounds. October 2015, page 16

Air Pollution Control Drives Hot Water Supply

A green initiative provides benefits for a Fortune 500 company. The aluminum can manufacturer captures waste heat and repurposes it to create hot water used elsewhere in the can-making process. October 2015, page 20

Industrial Process Heat Recovery

Condensing Heat Recovery for Industrial Process Applications

Capturing heat that would otherwise escape the process through the stack, waste heat recovery allows industrial thermal processing operations to recover and reuse process heating. February 2015, page 26

What is Wasted Energy?

Understand the importance of using heat recovery in industry.  April 2015, page 35

Industrial Process and Temperature Control

Best Practices in Control of Process Heating Operations

Considering the number of variables present, gaining precise control of a process heating application can be a difficult task. Effective communication is necessary to properly implement a system in which temperatures can be controlled and monitored accurately. January 2015, page 28

Equipment Overview: Temperature Controllers

You know you need to get control of your process. But, what kind of control does your process need? Process Heating helps you select an industrial temperature controller and equipment supplier.  February 2015, page 40

How to Perform Temperature Profiling in Hazardous Environments

Instrumentation for temperature profiling in oil and gas, refining and petrochemical applications is available, but care must be taken during installation and use. March 2015, page 24

7 Ways to Create Accurate Oven Temperature Profiles

To troubleshoot an oven and fine-tune a heat-treatment process before problems occur, operators can establish an oven temperature profile, also known as a thermal profile. By collecting, viewing and analyzing this set of time-stamped temperature data, operators have the true picture of what is going on inside their process. March 2015, page 28

Integrating Multigenerational Automation Systems

Getting an automation system that includes multigenerational and multivendor components to work together can be a challenge. But, that approach may be the only option when there are not any practical alternatives, and end-users must be prepared to deal with the inherent challenges. May 2015, page 30

Monitoring Steam Traps with Wireless Instrumentation

Failed steam traps can cost a plant millions in repair costs and downtime. The two primary causes of steam-trap failure are dirt, which can plug the trap or cause it to leak, and pressure surges, which can damage internal components. Learn how to avoid these pitfalls. May 2015, page 22

Monitoring Cooling Towers Optimizes Safety and Reliability

Installing remote monitoring via a condition-monitoring system on a wireless network provides a cost-effective means of control. August 2015, page 15

Secure Remote Monitoring and Supervisory Control

Whether they call it cloud computing, Software as a Service (SaaS), Industry 4.0 or the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), most will agree that the biggest challenge right now is security. These new technologies bring new challenges, but there are solutions. August 2015, page 22

Driving Curing Efficiency

Maintaining the right temperature is crucial to proper curing in industrial coating applications. August 2015, page 28

4 Steps to Mitigate Sensor Failure Risks

Factors to consider when selecting an industrial temperature sensor include what can happen if the temperature sensor fails. Will your process go offline or produce thousands of dollars in scrap? September 2015, page 22

Auto vs. Manual Tuning for Temperature Loops

Autotuning PID capabilities in temperature controllers solve most problems if used properly, but they do not always work as desired. Sometimes, a good old-fashioned manual approach is the solution. November 2015, page 20

Near Infrared Spectroscopy Improves Plant Profitability

Automated process control technology helps optimize chemical plant operations. By providing precisely measured values over the entire production process, near infrared spectroscopy helps to bring plant capacity to full utilization, thereby minimizing waste and downtime. November 2015, page 28

Industrial Water Treatment

Taking Control of Corrosion

There are 10 primary forms of corrosion, but it is rare that a corroding structure or component will suffer from only one. Identifying corrosion and taking corrective actions reduce risks. June 2015, page 37

Filtration Cleans Up a Soap-Maker’s Process

A self-cleaning filtration system improves product quality and reduces downtime and labor. August 2015, page 34

Special Sections

Manufacturing Spotlight

Learn about the latest heat processing technology with this special section of products, tips and application ideas from industrial heating equipment manufacturers. January 2015, page 32

Case History Success Stories

Learn about heat processing technology with this special section of products, tips and application ideas from industrial heating equipment manufacturers. March 2015, page 42