As Process Heating wraps up another year of serving industrial processors who use low temperature industrial heating equipment and supplies, its editorial staff offers readers this handy reference guide to the feature articles published in 2016.

Industrial Boilers

Making a Case for Modular, On-Demand Steam Boilers

Modular boilers allow facilities to install several smaller boilers rather than a single large one. A short startup means that the boilers can be cycled on only when steam demand warrants it. January 2016, p. 24.

Optimizing Efficiency for Boilers and Thermal Fluid Heaters

Once you have sized and selected your boiler or thermal fluid heater, learn how to obtain the best efficiency from your industrial heating equipment. February 2016, p. 32.

Equipment Overview: Industrial Boilers

Used for generating steam for power, processing or space heating, or for producing hot water to heat products or a hot water supply, a boiler delivers steam or hot fluid to the end use point at the desired pressure and temperature. But once you know that you need a boiler, how do you find a supplier? April 2016, p. 24.

Combustion Controls for Boilers

Understand the advantages and disadvantages of combustion control schemes used on the burners for industrial watertube and firetube boilers. August 2016, p. 30.

10 Tips for Upgrading Your Boiler Room

Space, time and energy: who wouldn’t want to save all three at their facility? When selecting steam heating equipment for your industrial boiler room, explore boiler options to maximize your return on investment. September 2016, p. 24.

Insights into Calculating Boiler Efficiencies

Prospective industrial boiler buyers should question what a boiler’s stated efficiency values are based upon in order to accurately compare products. September 2016, p. 28.

Industrial Burners

Avoiding Unintentional Safety Standard Violations for Burner-Management Systems

When evaluating the safety systems supporting ovens, furnaces and boilers, you may find yourself in violation of an applicable standard. If your installation is truly safe, should you be concerned? February 2016, p. 12.

Understanding Industrial Burners

Fuel-fired combustion equipment provides effective process heating in many applications. Select an industrial burner designed for the operating environment to achieve goals such as increased production or reduced emissions. March 2016, p. 38.

7 Steps to Selecting Industrial Burners

Choosing the wrong burner can be a costly mistake. Follow these steps to ensure a good fit for your heat processing application. May 2016, p. 16.

Equipment Overview: Burners

An apples-to-apples comparison of the capabilities of a range of burner manufacturers, our Equipment Overview on Burners will help you narrow the field of potential suppliers to those that can satisfy your process needs. August 2016, p. 36.

Industrial Chillers

Sizing a Cooling System to Control the Temperature of Process Heating Processes

When it comes to heating applications, it is important to make the right decisions when selecting a cooling process. June 2016, p. 36.

What Is in Your Water?

One critical maintenance issue with process chillers is to recognize what exactly is in your water. Understanding the composition of your process fluid enhances chiller performance. October 2016, p. 32.

Industrial Combustion Controls

Considerations for Regenerative Combustion Systems

Controls strategies, media selection and cycle time affect combustion system performance for industrial heating. August 2016, p. 11.

Pulse Firing Doubles Capacity and Cuts Fuel Costs

In multiple-burner installations on industrial ovens and furnaces, pulse firing techniques can improve temperature uniformity, reduce emissions and cut overall fuel costs. Is it right for your process? August 2016, p. 14.

Combustion Controls for Boilers

Understand the advantages and disadvantages of combustion control schemes used on the burners for industrial watertube and firetube boilers. August 2016, p. 30.

Redundant Self-Check Ultraviolet Flame Sensor and Combustion Safeguard Control

Learn how a combustion safeguard system can provide continuous, automatic protection against the buildup of combustible fuel mixtures due to flame failure or other faults in ovens, boilers, furnaces and other heating equipment. September 2016, p. 14.

Industrial Dryers

Drying Processes for Coal Ash Reuse

With the correct equipment for coal ash drying, calcining and thermal desorption, some of the hazards presented by coal ash can be mitigated substantially. Some dryer systems can dry coal ash and make it easier to transport and handle. February 2016, p. 28.

Fire and Explosion Hazards of Powder Drying Operations

Where particulate solid materials are subjected to heat in industrial process equipment, the potential for fires and explosions exists. An understanding of the conditions necessary for these events to be initiated is essential to effectively manage the risk. March 2016, p. 13.

Diagnosing Rotary Drum Malfunctions and Maintenance Tips to Avoid Them

Key components of rotary dryers — trunnion wheels and shafts, bearings, drum tires, shell, head plate and seals — can wear and cause rotary dryer misalignment. Know what to look for and how to respond to what you see on your industrial rotary dryer. April 2016, p. 12.

Strategies to Manage the Risk of Fire and Explosions Inside Drying Equipment

When using a process dryer to dry powders, care must be taken to manage the risk of fires and explosions inside the dryer. Learn how to optimize your powder-drying operation for safety. April 2016, p. 19.

8 Benefits of Using a Rotary Dryer for Drying Bulk Solids

In many industrial processes, rotary dryers are relied upon for high capacity, consistent drying of bulk solids — and for good reason. Heavy-duty rotary dryers provide high capacity, consistent drying for many process industries. May 2016, p. 30.

Equipment Overview: Dryers

Our Equipment Overview on Dryers offers a side-by-side comparison of industrial dryer manufacturers to show you which companies manufacture the type of equipment you need. Whether it is a batch, paddle or spray dryer, or something else altogether, our Equipment Overview on Dryers can save you time. June 2016, p. 24.

Drying Bulk Particulate Effectively

Some drying technologies are better suited for certain industrial applications than others. Learn where drying processes and fluid-bed, rotary drum, belt and rolling-bed dryer technologies intersect best. June 2016, p. 32.

Cost-Efficient Operation of Oxidation Systems

By understanding the relationship between dryer systems and oxidation technologies, overall process efficiency can be achieved. November 2016, p. 14.

Clearing the Airstream: Myths and Misconceptions About Fluid-Bed Drying

Fluid-bed dryers dry fine particles while conveying them in a heated airstream. Learn more about the types of products that can be dried in fluid-bed systems. November 2016, p. 20.

Industrial Heat Exchangers

Understanding the Corrosion Characteristics of Seam-Welded Tubing Used in Your Heat Exchangers

Factors that can impact the corrosion performance of the weld seam in heat exchanger tubing include welding technique, heat treatment, post-anneal microstructures in the weld, heat-affected zones and the presence of intermetallics. March 2016, p. 28.

Hybrid Plate Heat Exchangers Increase Coke Gas Treatment Plant Capacity

Using a hybrid heat exchanger that has tube on one side and plate on the other allows a steel plant to handle corrosive media in a limited footprint. May 2016, p. 26.

Improving Heat Exchanger Operation with Predictive Analytics

Determining how to manage fouling can be time consuming because data collection often is done manually through potentially inaccurate processes, sometimes in hazardous environments. Predictive analytics supplement a shortage of skilled workers and provide actionable information. June 2016, p. 20.

Equipment Overview: Heat Exchangers

An apples-to-apples comparison of the capabilities of industrial heat exchanger manufacturers, our Equipment Overview will help you narrow the field of potential suppliers. October 2016, p. 36.

Industrial Heat Transfer Fluids

Equipment Overview: Heat Transfer Fluids

Published in print and online, Process Heating’s Equipment Overview on Heat Transfer Fluids offers a side-by-side comparison of manufacturers of thermal fluids for industrial applications. January 2016, p. 14.

Overhauling a Thermal Fluid Heating System

For a company manufacturing precast concrete deck panels for the new Tappan Zee Bridge, rehabilitating its indirect heating system helps ensure curing speed, quality and costs. January 2016, p. 28.

Expansion Tank Design Considerations for Synthetic Organic Heat Transfer Fluid Systems

Used to allow for thermal expansion of the thermal fluid while operating at process temperatures, an expansion tank is an essential part of any thermal fluid heating system. Learn the recommended operating procedures for liquid-phase heat transfer systems using synthetic organic heat transfer fluids. June 2016, p. 28.

Extending the Life of Your Heat Transfer Fluid

Heat transfer fluid maintenance begins by ensuring that the system was properly designed, and the initial fluid selection was appropriate for the particular application and operating temperature range. If a system is not properly specified, operated, monitored and maintained, fluid replacement may be required much earlier than expected. October 2016, p. 29.

Using Molten Salts as a Heat Transfer Fluid and Thermal-Storage Medium

One of the most commonly used molten salts is a eutectic blend of sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate. Why use molten salts? They extend the upper range of the temperature limits in which a liquid heat transfer media can be used. November 2016, p. 24.

Industrial Heaters

Electric Heaters for Industrial Heating Applications

Many different heaters and heating applications are used across multiple industries around the world, but what exactly is industrial process heating, and why is it important? April 2016, p. 30.

Equipment Overview: Convection and Conduction Heaters

Whether you need hot air, water or other media to indirectly heat your process and product, or you need a contact heater to drive the temperature up just where you need it, convection and conduction heaters are the tools for the job. Find prospective suppliers using our Equipment Overview. May 2016, p. 34.

10 Considerations for Premelter Design

An infrared premelter emits a flash of heat (infrared energy) to the top of food products to gently fuse ingredients together. When designed correctly, a premelter reduces product waste and enhances product appearance. September 2016, p. 20.

Applying Submerged Combustion Heating and Evaporation

Used to heat industrial aqueous solutions and slurries as well as to evaporate solutions, submerged combustion offers high thermal efficiency in difficult applications. The absence of heat transfer surfaces makes submerged combustion a good candidate for fluids with scaling characteristics. October 2016, p. 20.

Water vs. Air Cooling During Plastics Manufacturing

In injection-molding and extrusion processes, water or air cooling is used to regulate the temperature of the molding process and remove excess heat cause by shear. November 2016, p. 26.

Industrial Infrared Heaters

Maximizing Process Control with Electric Infrared Heat Processing Systems

Controlling infrared heaters used for drying, curing, baking and other heat processing operations is straightforward once you understand the options for control. May 2016, p. 12.

Equipment Overview: Infrared Heaters

An apples-to-apples comparison of the capabilities of infrared heater manufacturers, our Equipment Overview will help you narrow the field of potential suppliers. Find gas-fired and electrically heated infrared emitters for any process need. September 2016, p. 36.

Industrial Ovens

Finding the Correct Dryer for Paper-Pulp Packaging

Once formed, molded-fiber packaging must be dried in a hot-air convection oven with specific characteristics. January 2016, p. 20.       

Equipment Overview: Industrial Ovens

Whether you want a booster oven or a completely new thermal processing system, use Process Heating’s annual Equipment Overview on Ovens to find suppliers and save time specifying your oven. March 2016, p. 24.

Key Specifications When Comparing Industrial Oven Bids

Comparing oven bids and quotes can be difficult. A quality comparison process is to first compare pricing, followed by understanding the due diligence process and then comparing specific specifications. April 2016, p. 26.

Balancing Industrial Oven Operation

Balancing an oven is defined as adjusting or tuning a correctly designed oven to ensure peak performance. Making sure your convection oven is in balance will keep it running at peak performance. August 2016, p. 20.

Specifying Wood Drying Ovens

Coating and drying the finishes on cement board trim, siding and other construction materials prior to installation helps ensure a long life. August 2016, p. 25.

Industrial Oxidizers

5 Components to Get Right When Specifying Thermal Oxidizers

Thermal oxidizers offer a safe, effective and reliable solution to the need for the elimination of objectionable waste streams, odors and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) while complying with environmental regulations. If all conditions are considered, a carefully selected thermal oxidizer can last many years. February 2016, p. 18.

Removing VOCs and HAPs from Exhaust Streams

Thermal oxidation can effectively remove airborne contaminants from process exhaust streams. Oxidizers can incorporate heat recovery for process use to maximize return on investment. February 2016, p. 24.

Optimizing Process Heating System Performance Using a Combination System

A system that incorporates two finishing ovens, a thermal oxidizer and primary and secondary heat exchangers saves time, money and energy. Can a similar approach help your plant reduce energy costs while improving efficiency? October 2016, p. 20.

Cost-Efficient Operation of Oxidation Systems

By understanding the relationship between dryer systems and oxidation technologies, overall process efficiency can be achieved. November 2016, p. 14.

Industrial Process Control

Electronic Instrumentation Failures Due to Internal Component Failure

Safety warning: Capacitors are voltage storage devices that can deliver an electrical charge that can be fatal to humans. Follow all employer and equipment manufacturer safety procedures when handling capacitors or making temperature measurements. February 2016, p. 36.

Industry 4.0 + IIoT = Smart Industrial Ovens & Furnaces

Effective process control and automation technologies link thermal processing equipment such as ovens and furnaces with the operator and the supply-and-delivery chain in a seamless network of information exchange. June 2016, p. 12.

Using Data Analytics to Improve Process Plant Operations

Digital technologies can play a key role in process plants and allow efficient information sharing and data analytics. Using the insights provided by these technologies can help drive greater asset reliability, lower operating costs, reduce risk and enhance operational performance. August 2016, p. 38.

Industrial Temperature Controls

Equipment Overview: Temperature Controllers

You know you need to get control of your process. But, what kind of control does your process need? Process Heating helps you select an industrial temperature controller and equipment supplier. February 2016, p. 40.

10 Tips for Controlling Temperature in Industrial Processes

Key to success in any industrial process is effective temperature control. Here are 10 tips on matching your control to your heater to ensure effective process heating in your application. September 2016, p. 32.

Pet Treat Company Optimizes Process via Temperature Sensors

Wireless technology brings quality and efficiency improvements. November 2016, p. 32.

Industrial Temperature Profiling

Making Temperature Profiling Measurements

Temperature profiling involving multiple sensors is used when a single temperature sensor cannot provide the information needed. Temperature profiling using multipoint temperature sensors can extend across a vessel or reactor in either straight or octopus-like configurations. March 2016, p. 19.

The Basics of Temperature Profiling Software

Oven-temperature profiling systems collect temperature data to help optimize processes and minimize costs for baking, powder coat curing and other heat processing operations. Whether fine-tuning a heat treatment process or proving that product is made to spec, intelligent datalogger software can assist. March 2016, p. 33.

Industrial Temperature Sensors

Intrusive versus Nonintrusive Temperature Measurement

Thermowells intrude into the medium to be measured, which often causes issues. Nonintrusive devices avoid these problems, but only work well in certain applications. April 2016, p. 33.

Chemical Processor Saves Energy and Solves Problems with Wireless

Wireless steam trap monitors solved problems and met European Energy Efficiency Directive requirements. October 2016, p. 14.

Are You Measuring the Correct Temperature?

Accuracy of all temperature measurements in process production is vital to ensure quality, efficiency and safety. November 2016, p. 36.